The Coalition of Peaks acknowledge and pay respect to Elders, both past and present and all generations of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples now and into the future as the Traditional Owners of this land.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that this website may contain images, voices or names of people who may have passed away.

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Outcomes and Targets

In addition to the Priority Reforms targets, the National Agreement establishes 17 targets under the 17 socio-economic outcome areas to help bring focus to new areas and help monitor progress in improvements in the lives of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

The socio-economic outcomes are focused on areas including education, employment, health and well-being, justice, safety, housing, land and waters, and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages. They will be reported on annually by governments.

Each target has five different elements:

  • Outcome: The overall socio-economic outcome status of this Agreement.
  • Target: Specific and measurable keys that governments are publicly accountable to achieving the socio-economic outcomes.
  • Indicators: Supporting measures that provide greater understanding of and insight into, how all governments are tracking against the outcomes and targets.
  • Disaggregation: Outlining how reporting of the target will be broken down and measured by groups of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This enables greater understanding of where progress is being made and where greater effort is needed.
  • Data development: Outlining areas that are important for understanding Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander outcomes that can’t be measured currently due to a gap in the data and identifies whether further work is required.

See below for more information on each of the socio-economic targets. Baseline data on the socio-economic targets can be found at www.closingthegap.gov.au/data

Disaggregation of data

Where possible, reporting on targets will be disaggregated by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander stolen generation survivors; people with disability; and LGBTQI status to make sure that progress on Closing the Gap can be monitored for these more vulnerable groups. Where this is not possible due to data limitations, consideration will be given to how this data can be developed as part of a new data development plan.

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Target 1

Close the Gap in life expectancy within a genaration, by 2031.

Outcome 1 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people enjoy long and healthy lives.

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Target 2

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander babies with a healthy birthweight to 91 per cent.

Outcome 2 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are born healthy and strong.

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Target 3

By 2025, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children enrolled in Year Before Fulltime Schooling (YBFS) early childhood education to 95 per cent.

Outcome 3 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are engaged in high quality, culturally appropriate early childhood education in their early years.

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Target 4

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children assessed as developmentally on track in all five domains of the Australian Early Development Census (AEDC) to 55 per cent.

Outcome 4 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children thrive in their early years.

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Target 5

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (age 20-24) attaining year 12 or equivalent qualification to 96 per cent.

Outcome 5 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students achieve their full learning potential.

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Target 6

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-34 years who have completed a tertiary qualification (Certificate III and above) to 70 per cent.

Outcome 6 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander students reach their full potential through further education pathways.

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Target 7

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth (15-24 years) who are in employment, education or training to 67 percent.

Outcome 7 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth are engaged in employment or education.

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Target 8

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people aged 25-64 who are employed to 62 per cent.

Outcome 8 – Strong economic participation and development of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.

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Target 9

By 2031, increase the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people living in appropriately sized (not overcrowded) housing to 88 per cent.

Outcome 9 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people secure appropriate, affordable housing that is aligned with their priorities and need.

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Target 10

By 2031, reduce the rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults held in incarceration by at least 15 per cent.

Outcome 10 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people are not overrepresented in the criminal justice system.

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Target 11

By 2031, reduce the rate of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people (10-17 years) in detention by 30 per cent.

Outcome 11 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people are not overrepresented in the criminal justice system.

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Target 12

By 2031, reduce the rate of over-representation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in out-of-home care by 45 per cent.

Outcome 12 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children are not overrepresented in the child protection system.

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Target 13

By 2031, the rate of all forms of family violence and abuse against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and children is reduced at least by 50%, as progress towards zero.

Outcome 13 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families and households are safe.

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Target 14

Significant and sustained reduction in suicide of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people towards zero.

Outcome 14 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people enjoy high levels of social and emotional wellbeing.

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Target 15

A. By 2030, a 15 per cent increase in Australia’s landmass subject to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s legal rights or interests.

B. By 2030, a 15 per cent increase in areas covered by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people’s legal rights and interests in the sea.

Outcome 15 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people maintain a distinctive cultural, spiritual, physical and economic relationship with their land and waters.

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Target 16

By 2031, there is a sustained increase in number and strength of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander languages being spoken.

Outcome 16 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures and languages are strong, supported and flourishing.

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Target 17

By 2026, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have equal levels of digital inclusion.

Outcome 17 – Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have access to information and services enabling participation informed decision-making regarding their own lives.